Through a Glass Darkly, the first in Ingmar Bergman's trilogy, is a 1961 black and white 4-character film. It stars Harriet Andersson as a woman recently released from a hospital where she was treated for her mental illness; Max von Sydow, her husband; Gunnar Bjornstrand, her father; and Lars Pasgard her adolescent brother.
There are a couple of scenes in the film that strongly reminded me of Gilman's The Yellow Wallpaper. Striking.
Roger Ebert calls it a great film. The New York Times says it "economically packs a rather limited but powerful personal experience within a comparatively narrow frame." It gets 100% at Rotten Tomatoes. FilmRef.com has a short piece. Criterion has links to a few articles.
It won an Academy Award for best foreign film.