Dante 01 is a 2008 French science fiction film starring Lambert Wilson and Dominique Pinon and directed by Marc Caro (Delicatessen, City of Lost Children), who played with his beard a lot in the part of the "making of" special feature I saw. We watched the film in French with English subtitles. The Sons and I like this, though there was some discussion afterward about the religious elements and the meaning of the ending. The Daughter doesn't like foreign-language films in general and now places this film at the top of her list of least favorite movies. (That's only because she's never seen Our Time.) The Husband reacted to the violence, and not in a positive way. The movie reminds The Sons of the other films by this director, and parts of it reminded me of 2001: A Space Odyssey.
It looks like you can watch it in French without subtitles here, but my poor French was never that good.
Variety calls it a "throbbing, disturbing tale" that "posits that in space, no one can hear your screaming symbolism." Cute. I like a bit of snark in a review. They describe it as a "wearing assault on the senses." Quiet Earth has a mixed review, finding the religious symbolism overbearing.